Ok lettuce jump right into my least favorite of the three but only because the green thumb I had when I was younger has turned brown in the last few months but that is a story for another time.
Farming or growing crops has many forms one of the newer ways is vertical farming it saves space and with the right technology applied can grow a large amount of crops year round. The idea of vertical farming is fairly simple rows of crops are stacked upwards instead of rows spread out words. This system uses fewer resources and still gives you a delicious product. As of now, most vertical farms can grow to produce such as lettuce, leafy greens, herbs, microgreens, strawberries and some can grow tomatoes. Vertical farming addresses the issues of demand and sustainability. All of this means that farmers can produce a lot more product on a much smaller piece of land for even inside a garage with artificial lighting. The expenses of owning land and the uncommonness of farmable land. With vertical farming, growing food becomes available to those who can’t own farmable land. Which makes it perfect for Y'all reading this who just happen to live in the suburbs or even in the city and are just dreaming about some land of your very own.
Woo now that was a mouth full and no mistake, I tried to be brief but I just kept adding on.
So There are plants that are called cash crops because they don’t need a lot of space but can be sold for big cash. They may also be called cash crops because they grow fast and you can get multiple crops in a year. One of the best cash crops, in my opinion, is mushrooms. Mushrooms can be sold for a lot and just take a lot of water it doesn’t take much effort on your end or much space they can be grown in plastic containers on a shelving unit. Which makes them just too easy and we all know how expensive they are!!
One thing I have always struggled with is transitions from one writing subject to another, but I try.
“The crops depend on the animals and the animals depend on the crops" says Josephine Kiiza which is very true the manure from the animals you have can be used to fertilize the crops you grow and the crops you grow can help feed the animals that you have which will reduce the cost of growing the plants and the cost of feeding your animals. Take corn, for instance, it can be grown nearly anywhere and after the corn has been harvested the stocks can make a great food source for your cows. The cows would also till the land for you and you wouldn’t need to rent or buy a tiller they also will fertilize the land while there eating which will help the soil be ready for the next year.
Companion growing is one of my favorite way to make money off of plants. Companion growing can mean a couple different things one is planting two types of plants next to each other so that they both benefit like potatoes and tomatoes they go well together because the potato will grow a thick stock that the tomato can use as a brace to help it grow the tomato, in turn, will create strong roots for that the potato to grow in then when the season is over you uproot the tomato plant and the potatoes will come up super easy. The other type of companion growing is growing a plant like basil or mint next to squash the bugs that like to eat the squash don’t like the smell of mint or basil so they leave the squash alone. The squash does nothing for the basil or mint but it doesn’t hurt it either so I would call that a win. I like this one because to an extent you get more of a harvest with the same amount of space that you would be using to grow one or the other anyway.
Ok, my long list and descriptions have come to an end but I have decided that there are just so many ways to save money that I am going to make a new post next week on it instead of my other idea.
As always if you have a question about anything then just leave a comment below or contact me through one of my contact forms. I am here to help.
Animals/Animal Products is one of the most fun ways to make money if you love animals. There are many different ways to make money from animals like raising dairy cattle. Raising rare or exotic dairy cattle can make you more money than your classic jersey or Holstein heifer ever could. This is because their babies could be sold for more, simply because they are exotic/rare and the milk will still fetch the same amount as it does with normal cattle breeds. You could also sell the bull's semen for more because he is rare/exotic. Of course, there are drawbacks to raising the rare or exotic cattle breed because they are, well, rare it may be hard to find them to begin with. Your classic jersey or Holstein cow may be the better choice and they can make you just as much money if you have quality stock or live in a place where cattle isn’t common.
Beef cattle are also a great way to make money but I just don’t know enough about them to write a paragraph about them.
Ok so I was on the fence about this one because I guess it's not really animals or their products but rather insects and their products. Beekeeping is a great way to make money without needing acres of space. Not only do some find it to be quite calming, but the honey and the wax also can go for a lot. You can also use honey and beeswax to make other products to sell such as slaves and candles. They will also pollinate your crops for you which is a big plus if you are growing any large number of plants!
Fish farming is another good way to make money without needing a lot of space. Fish farming is very simple they can eat rotten crops or even your cow's poop. Most are harvested after 8 months old and they are fairly easy to breed. You can even grow plants of the water to help maximize space. Now don’t get me wrong the biggest downside to raising fish is that fishy smell but that is not a big problem for most.
One of the most common choices is chicken raising is easy you just provide them with some grain and they lay eggs constantly you can then sell the eggs as hatching eggs or hatch the eggs out yourself. You can sell their eggs for eating too, and you can even sell their poop for fertilizer to other gardeners or use it in your gardens instead of buying fertilizers. Now the main downside to raising chickens is that there is a high demand for their feed and thus it is ridiculously expensive for what it is. You do not make much money off of chickens but you may save a few bucks from not buying eggs and still make some money off of them.
Pig rearing, now this one is fun! Pigs are like dogs and they are very fun to raise the only problem I have found is there isn’t much money in selling them for butcher pigs. The money is in selling them as babies for almost the same dam price. A single pig will have 9-14 and sometimes even 16 babies in a litter. Each piglet can then be sold at 6 weeks old for anywhere between 100-500 dollars depending on quality. Something that personally makes me sick to my stomach is that in California some you can buy a piglet at auctions for 3-9.5 thousand dollars a piglet was as market price on pigs being about 75 cents a pound and market weight is 270 pounds. NO, I am not pulling on your leg I am dead serious I went to this auction as an educational item for 4-H and those where seriously the high-end prices for the pigs. Pigs do stink and they can be messy but they are also just so sweet.
Raising Goats is perfect for a small farm because they don’t take up a lot of room and they can produce almost the same amount of milk as a cow depending on the breed. Their babies can be sold for anywhere from 75-400 dollars in my experience and they are so much fun. Their milk can be sold for livestock or for human consumption (depending on where you live there may be laws against selling it for human consumption without a license so as always do your research). Goat milk is a great supplement for an orphaned animal or to help an animal gain more weight it makes the food taste better and they will eat more than they normally would. Goat milk is also an alternative for people that are lactose intolerant because it has less lactose in it then cows milk (and most people can’t tell the difference between cows milk and goats milk after it has been cooled). Cow's milk is 5 percent lactose and goats milk is about 2 percent lactose which makes all the difference to most people with an intolerance to lactose and you could really make a profit from the milk and/or from the cheese and other products you make.
Raising bunnies is the perfect choice for literally everyone except maybe those who are allergic to them. Bunnies can bring in a lot of money when you sell them for the market. What don't you want to sell bunnies for the market? That's ok because there is also the option of raising them for show and for pets. This way you can raise cute little bunnies for almost as much money as a market rabbit without sending those cute faces to the butcher or worse doing it yourself which is more likely. Now, this might not bother you or at least maybe it doesn’t bother you enough to turn away from raising market bunnies that's ok too. I could write a book about all I know about selling, and raise rabbits for all three of the choices. (in fact, I have started writing a reference book) My point being rabbits would take a long time to get through with any more of an in-depth explanation.
Making Money Part 3: PLants
Seriously guys and gals if you have any questions about anything leave me a comment or use one of my contact forms because I seriously have no life outside of this little business and love informing people about what I do!
The most important part of raising animals. As my 4-H leader once said "we don't raise these animals simply for the fun of it we do it to make some money not through it away" which is all so true. of course, a big part of raising animals is having fun the most important part is to make money or (if your one of those weirdos who would rather not make some extra money) to at least not be throwing it away.
There are thousands of ways to make some money off of your farm and really that is only the little bit of was I know of. I am going to separate the ways to make money that I know of into 3 different categories: Selling Animals/Animal Products, Plants/ Plant Products, and let's call this one the "Creative Ways" to make money.
I am going to start with my personal favorite, that being "Creative Ways".
There are hundreds of ways to make money on your farm that just don't fit under Plants or Animals. Such as writing a blog like this one! Not that I get enough views to make any money off my blog. Speaking of which if you like my blog please leave me a comment or do me one better and tell your friends about my blog. Anyway, if you are passionate about what you are doing and pay for some early advertising, people will take notice of your blog an enjoy reading your posts. Once you have a following, companies will want to sponsor you and all they want in return to mention them in your blog post or maybe advertise a product of theirs, it varies by the sponsor. Which is perfect for most people, I know some people who make a 1,000 or more a month just on their blogs. Adding on to blogs you can start a Youtube channel and the startup is the same as with a blog
If you have space and live near a touristy place or even just a pretty place to go camping you can set aside some space away from the main part of your property for tent and/or RV campers! If you set out an acre of your property for tourists and campers you can charge 5o dollars a night and an extra 5 for every additional family member that is coming. Then you can also have a max number of people per campsite, like no more than 2 tents per campsite or 1 RV per campsite. It takes very little extra effort to keep this up!
When money is tight you have to think creatively and make money off of something that normally you wouldn’t and even when money isn’t tight a little extra money in your pocket can go along way. Training someone in something you do or doing a clinic on something your doing is a great way to make a little extra cash. If you are doing well with what you are doing you can hold a training session with an individual for 50 bucks or a clinic with some people charging 10 bucks a ticket. It will take maybe an hour or two out of your day but you could make some money easy. I personally love this one because I am a 4-Her at heart and love to teach others what I know.
Another way to make money is to save it
Network with industries and with other farmers. Now, this won't make you money but it just might save you some money. I know I would give my friend scrap lumber if they were going to build something and I had lumber to give and I know they would do the same for me. When you network with your favorite businesses they may give you loyalty points or credit in their store. Which would make you some extra money in the way of reducing the cost of raising or growing animals? An example of this is if it cost you 100 dollar to feed your sow every month and on average you make 110 dollars every month, you have 10 dollars in your pocket. If your friend sells his pig and has an extra feed to give you that would total 20 dollars worth then you have 20 dollars extra in your pocket.
Optimizing your space is another way to save money. Optimizing the space you have not only will save you money but it can make you money. Take companion growing (that is optimizing space) you making money off of 2 plants with the same space. You can also keep different livestock together using the same concept as companion growing. If you keep livestock together you can have the same space with more money coming in. Take chickens and goats, for example, the chickens use the goats for heat which saves you money because you are using less electricity. The goats also get entertainment from the chickens and vice versa. A happy animal will produce more product, like a goat that is happy will produce more milk but happy chickens will not necessarily produce more eggs but they will definitely produce better quality eggs.
Ok, so I have, in the words of Gandalf, the Grey "lengthed my story overlong" and will call it a day after such a long post and will make a separate post for each section I had intended to include in this post.
Making a Profit Part 2 will be about Animals and Animal Products
Probably one of the worse things you have to deal with on the farm but what are you going to do? Most of us can't afford to just turn away an annoying customer even when it gets to the point where you are struggling to be nice to them. Every once in a while a "know it all" buyer who doesn't really know what they are talking about, will come through and will ask a stupid question like: "so, this might be a stupid question but how do chickens lay eggs, like they are hard and so big, so how does that work?" I am dead serious someone asked me this. Another stupid one was how does the sperm get past the hard shell of the egg? Most of the ridiculous questions I have gotten asked where about chickens. I have been asked some stupid questions about all of my animal but chickens questions take the cake.
Now there are more annoying customers than just the know it all or stupid ones. There are people that will come all the way down to your property or even have you meet them at a local store and then will decide they changed their minds or aren't ready to bring home the animal that they intended to buy. One of the most annoying and hilarious customers I have had to deal with started with a simple text message asking if I had hatching eggs ready.
Seems simple and although I was already annoyed with them I sent them a message right back and told them I did have plenty, Why was I already annoyed with this person you might ask well that would be because they texted me at 1:30 am then called me than texted me again apologizing, stating they didn't realize what time it was. Now I took a deep breath and sent them a message saying I was out of town and would talk to them in the morning about when I could meet with them. So the following morning I set up a time with them to come to pick up the eggs.
when they got there they asked which ones were available while I was showing them the flock. I said that they were all laying and have all had access to my roosters. then made me an offer on one of my adult chickens. I explained that I love my chickens like pets and that the adults were not for sale. They gave me a very confused look and asked if I had any chicks for sale at the time I did and so I said "yes, but I thought you wanted to hatch eggs" this person then said well I don't have an incubator. WHAT you come to me looking for hatching eggs and have no way to hatch them? of course, I pretended that this was not ridiculous and said "ok, the chicks I have are in here but I am raising them to 4 weeks" so they picked out the 6 that they wanted and said they would see me in a couple weeks.
After the 2 weeks had passed I sent them a reminder and asked when they would like to pick them up. they asked if I remembered how many they had discussed getting from me and I said 6 and sent them pictures of the chicks they picked out. Guess what they said then, they said: "well I know I didn't say 6 because my coop is only built for 4 hens." Again I took a deep breath and sent them a text asking which 4 they wanted. they then said that they wanted 2 laying chickens and 2 pet chickens, so they were only buying 1 or 2 chickens from me just because they liked me.
Deep breath Kay, just keep breathing I told myself but at this point, I was considering just telling them I am not going to sell to them. I then remembered that they had mentioned that they might want some rabbits too so I told myself I can't afford to lose their business. I sent them another text asking when they wanted to pick up their chickens and asked if they were still interested in my rabbits, how many rabbits they wanted and is they wanted multiple sexes or just one sex. They then said that although they do want my rabbits they just can't afford to buy or build a hutch right now and so they can't answer any more questions about what they wanted. still, no answer as to when they wanted to get the chicks then asked if they could meet me at a store out in Prineville Oregon on the 4th of July. That was the last straw, I was done I told them that is they didn't come to pick them up at my farm that day I was just going to sell them to the other family who wanted them. In this instance, I had the chance to get out of dealing with this customer and I took it. luckily for me, they let me know that they would come and pick up the chicks that evening, I guess they just needed to see that I had other business and I was serious about selling those chicks.
Now I wish I had some good advice for dealing with these people but I don't. after everything that I have had to deal with all I can say is good luck to you. Just Smile and Wave boys just smile and wave.
first thing is first
1. Some simple vocabulary (if you are breeding rabbits I hop you know some of these)
ok that should be enough vocabulary to know what I am talking about
2. after the vocabulary you need to know how to get the deed done so to speak. What are you breeding for? Show Pet or meat rabbits. there are different requirements for each of them and I am not going to go over each of them now but there are tons of online resources you can use.
3. the next thing you need to know is how to mate the two rabbits. Start by taking the doe you wish to breed to he buck you wish to breed her with. Make sure the doe goes to the bucks cage. The doe can get territorial and the buck might be more interested in marking his territory then breeding your doe. A doe does not come into heat rabbits are stimulative breeders which means the doe will drop her eggs when the buck mounts her. if there is a suggsessful breeding the does butt will be up in the air and the buck will flop off to the side with a thump after he has gotten the deed down. he will likely mount her a few more times and I suggest watching at least 3 mounts then leaving them for a little while to have some privacy.
4. After a successful breeding take the doe back to her cage for one week. then return her to the bucks cage if she lifts her butt and lets the buck mount her again repeat the breeding process again. if she runs around the cage or does not lift her butt into the air when he mounts her then we assume she is in fact pregnant and you can return her to her own cage.
5. At day 14 of her gestation we palpate, now if you have a breed that does not get very big then you can just skip this step because you have a high chance of just feeling her poop and not actually feeling her babies even when you have a larger breed this step is totally optional.
6. the 26th day of pregnancy give the doe some nesting materials and a nesting box.
Have questions please contact me I would love to help you understand and improve this post. It was kinda hard writing this one I didn't want to get to complicated and I didn't want to be vague so let me know how I did.
Dealing with death isn't really part of life in the city, sure people die in our life but it isn't a weekly thing. Now that being said, I don't know how big your operation is or is I am writing for no one here but the more animals you will eventually have to biery or butcher. know it is hard to run your farm with the thought that someday this adorable little rabbit will be on your or someone else's dinner plate.
The key to keeping that thought out off your mind is remembering that although they may be cute, they are NOT pets. I love every animal that comes through our farm but my dogs and our barn cat are the only ones that I ever treat as pets. Now thats not to say I don't shed a tear when a old breeder rabbit finally passes but it's not as hard to get over as when a dog passes away. The trick is to although it is hard seperate pets from beeding stock. you may be sitting there saying to yourself thes a load of BS but it is the truth. It took me years to get to the point where I believed this myself but dealing with death is so much easier and it no longer eats away at me at night. I used to stay awake at night thinking how could I have saved them, did I not pick up on a sign? The truth is that most of the time something dies on your farm there was very little you could have down for them.
For example just yesterday I sold the first two goats that we ever owned. I cried, I did, I was so worried that the people who bought them were lying and that our girls were gone forever. but this morning I was sent a photo of two girls about 6 and maybe 8 out in a field with our goats with the biggest smiles on their faces. It was such a relief but you don't get that when an animal dies. Relief of knowing your animals are ok when they die. and it's hard but have faith that there pain was ended and that they are at peace now.
Even if you decide not to raise your own meat you will still deal with death. Your chickens will die your dogs will die your dairy animals will die. No matter what you raise it will happen and it will hit you hard but the more you deal with it the less hard it will be. It is easiest to not treat your animals as pets. You love them but as harsh as it sounds you must remember that they are NOT pets, they are livestock. if you can remember that then the inevitable will be just that much easier.
Have Questions? Don’t hesitate to text or email us and we will get back to you ASAP!! email@example.com or 541-647-7258
Full disclosure we do not raise our polish rabbits in a colony in the future we may have hutches with a run for them but for now they live in 2x2ft cages, which is way more than is required for a rabbit under 3.5lbs. We chose not to colony raise our polish because if they bite each other they can grow the hair back white instead of whatever color their hair is supposed to be. you also have to have constant food to make sure that they all get enough to eat and this can cause a dewlap which is a DQ in the Polish breed.
Anywho we have meat rabbits that do very well in the colony setting. Our buck is separated from our two does so we can control the breeding and the does are way healthier without the constant breeding stress (not that we ever had the buck and does together). Our buck has 20 square feet and our does have 20 square feet each. We have never raise our meat rabbits in a cage because we believe that since they tend to live longer in a more wild setting as breeder rabbits and the since there kits tend to live shorter lives being meat rabbits we like giving them the freedom to play and have fun together for the time that we have them (6-8 weeks). Rabbits raised in colonies also live healthier lives since they are exposed to more diseases from being in the dirt. Now when I say diseases I don't mean bad ones I mean more bacteria that helps them build hardy immune systems!
Now I am not trying to tell you which way of raising rabbits is better cages, hutches or colony but I do think that colony raised rabbits is the way to go if it works for you and what you want. Do your research before committing to one or the other.
and What you'll need:
Melt the coconut oil and place it into the large bowl the add the olive oil.
Now go outside with the lye and the water, pure the water into the smaller bowl then slowly add the lye to the water never the other way around.
be careful not to get the lye on you if you do brush is of and run the spot where the lye touched under cold water
After all the lye is mixed with the water bring it back inside and pour it in the oil mixture.
Now blend it all together and pour the mixture into the mold.
Let sit for at least 24 hours.
it is vital that you keep good records so that you can know if you are really making money off of these little guys and so that you are not keeping different information together in your head or in bad records that you have to remember the system that you once thought was a good one. Trust me I have tried both and it works fine when you just have 2 or 3 rabbits but once you have more then that information just gets lost somehow.
list of materials needed
if using the computer and a printer
suggested order/what your records should include